January 27, 2023


Bodunrin Kayode

The United Nations in Nigeria has declared 9th September as the international day to protect education from attacks by armed agents
like Boko Haram  fighting to desecrate schools in the country.

The UN OCHA in a release stated that there is an urgent need to safeguard education from attacks in order to restore confidence in schools as places of protection for children and teachers.

According to the UN resident humanitarian Coordinator, Edward Kallon,
this is particularly pressing in light of the COVID-19, which affected 46million primary and secondary learners across Nigeria due to
pandemic-related school closures since early this year.

“As State Governments plan to reopen schools after the prolonged closure,
building a resilient education system to withstand future shocks should be included in pandemic response plans,” said the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr Edward Kallon.

He noted that prioritising safety in schools for educators and learners will indicate Government’s commitment to protecting
investments in the education sector and a validation of Nigeria’s endorsement of the Safe Schools Declaration.

While the world marks the first-ever International Day to Protect
Education from Attack under the theme “Protect Education, Save a
Generation” more than three million children in the conflict-affected
states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe in north-east Nigeria are in need of
education-in- emergency support.

“Education is essential to helping crisis-affected communities in the north-east rebuild and recover. Attacks on schools are a direct attack on future generations. I call on all parties to the conflicts to take all necessary measures to protect education and give learners a chance
to build a brighter future,” Mr Kallon said.

The protracted conflict in the north-east has had devastating impact on education. From 2009 until December 2018, 611 teachers were killed and 910 schools damaged or destroyed. More than 1,500 schools were
forced to close and some 4.2 million children in the north-east are at
risk of missing out on education.

Hundreds of girls have been abducted, some even from their own schools, which are meant to be safe zones. Notably, many children have been used as carriers of person-borne improvised explosive devices.

The attacks on schools, communities and education itself are tragic consequences of a protracted conflict that has left a generation of children traumatized.

“As the world fights to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, children and
youth in conflict zones remain among the most vulnerable to its devastating impact. We must ensure our children have a safe and secure environment in which to acquire the knowledge and skills they need for
the future,” said United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres
who also added his voice to the emergence of the day.

The UN vehemently condemned any and all attacks on education including
abductions of school children, school-related gender-based violence,
herders-farmers clashes, and using of schools as isolation centres, IDP camps, markets or for military purposes.

“Schools must remain safe places, free of conflict and violence,” said
Audrey Azoulay, UNESCO Director-General. “Our collective future as well as the achievements of all development goals depend on it. Safeguarding the right to education for all contributes to the achievement of sustainable development and nurtures the international community’s decades-long gains towards peace, economic prosperity, and social inclusion worldwide.’’

Left unchecked, the UN said incessant attacks on schools and learners could reverse the gains on education investments made by the government of Nigeria, the UN and other multilateral, bilateral, and private sector partners over years.

“Attacks on schools are a violation of humanity and basic decency. We must not allow these senseless attacks to destroy the hopes and dreams of a generation of children. We must do all in our power to ensure that schools and the children and teachers within them are protected,’’ said Henrietta Fore, UNICEF Executive Director.

“As the world plans to re-open schools once the COVID-19 pandemic subsides, we must ensure that schools remain safe places of learning, even in countries in conflict.” She pointed.

With school reopening plans underway in many states, the UN called for
increased funding, noting that it would go a long way in mitigating the effects of prolonged school closures on learners, especially vulnerable children, including girls and others living with disabilities.

In north-east Nigeria, education in emergency partners are appealing for $55 million USD to provide emergency education for 3.1 conflict-affected children this year. So far this year, only $3.3 million USD, a mere 6 per cent of the total needed, has been received.

The Government’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic is an opportunity
to build a resilient education system, invest in human capital and strengthen communities who act as first responders in the event of attacks on schools.

To deliver for children in Nigeria, education must remain on top of the public agenda while the Government should boost efforts totranslate its vision for education into real change for children,especially the most vulnerable and disadvantaged learners.

The Safe Schools Declaration is an inter-governmental political agreement that outlines a set of commitments to strengthen the protection of education from attack and restrict use of schools and universities for military purposes. It seeks to ensure the continuity of safe education during armed conflict.

A total of 104 countries around the world have joined this international political agreement so far.